Armenia

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Specialist clinic staff (doctor and/nurse) only
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
Further commentsHIV testing is considered as a medical performance and only authorised (licensed) medical personnel can do it in licensed premises.
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further commentsIt is for free in the national aids prevention centers. To get a free test you must be an Armenian Citizen and it has to be done in a clinic in your area of official residence/
Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further commentsHIV test is free, however to get free test a person should apply to a clinic in the area of their residence. Rural areas run out of tests.
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?No
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsMost testing by NGOs and National AIDS Prevention Centre.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Key documents
Further commentshttp://www.arlis.am/DocumentView.aspx?DocID=78616 is where the Armenian original of the document attached can be found . The main 'protective' section of the 1997 legislation is as follows: HIV-infected persons have the right to:
  • to receive written information about the research results.
  • to non-discriminatory treatment.
  • require the maintenance of medical confidentiality, except in cases established by legislation of the Republic of Armenia.
  • continue to work, except in cases established by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.
  • obtain adequate consultation precautionary measures excluding the spread of HIV. HIV-infected persons without their written consent may not be the subject of scientific experiments and research. 
Section 14
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further commentsWe have had conflicting reports on this country from respondents. We have relied upon the country entry at: https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

One respondent stated that Syringe distribution is available but not an exchange. There is limited service because of problems with law enforcement.



Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further commentsCoverage is low. Many intravenous drug users are not sufficiently informed, and avoid passing the commission due to the presence of law enforcement officials.


Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments

We have had conflicting reports on this country from respondents. We have relied upon the country entry at http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/407/Armenia (accessed 10 December 2016)

Legal to buy sex?No
Further commentsThere is an Administrative fine.
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further commentslocals only, with funding from the Global Fund. Only ethnic Armenians and those with Armenian passports receive free treatment
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only ethnic Armenians and those with Armenian passports receive free treatment

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only ethnic Armenians and those with Armenian passports receive free treatment

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only ethnic Armenians and those with Armenian passports receive free treatment

Further commentsWe have conflicting reports One source states the only Armenian passport holders can recieve 'free' treatment Another source states that the are exceptions- and those who are ethnically Armenian but have ctizenship of other country, (Georgia, Russia...). Pregnant women, also recieve 'free' treatment.
About this data
Last minor revision10 November 2016
Last major revision1 December 2016
Published1 December 2016
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals information was taken from the follwing sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from Positive People Armenian Network (www.ppan.info), Real World, Real People NGO (www.realwrp.com) and PINK Armenia (www.pinkarmenia.orgwww.pinkarmenia.hiv)

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