Belarus

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?No
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments

However there has been, both in 2015 and 2016, shortages of reagents for of viral load and CD4.

HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherBoth finger blood and saliva tests are used in the community setting. Though it is not currently possible to buy a HIV test kit for use at home it is expected that this will be available from 2017 - a saliva test kit available in pharmacies
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsIn educational institutions, in anonymous counseling centers at NGOs. Testing is anonymous during rapid tests events. However if a test result is positive then ID Numbers will needd to be provided if wanting to access state health care.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Key documents
Further commentsImportant provisions in legislation include:  That there should be no discrimination against people living with HIV / AIDS. However,there is no detail in the legislation that directly prohibits discrimination such as dismissal, denial of employment, denial of admission of children into educational  institutions, denial of housing. That each patient in the country (including HIV-positive) have the right to secrecy of diagnosis. Compliance with medical confidentiality is also regulated article. 60 of the Act.There is also a ministerial decree (2014) stating the importance and committment of the government  to providing free accessibility to ARVs as 'vitally important drugs for the Nation'Documents - only available in Russian currently  are attached that provide the details of these 'protections' and undertakings.
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further commentsIt is important to note that currently (2016) this is only provided in .anonymous consultation centers - NGO run and GFATM financed.
Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further commentsAccess to opiate substitution therapy (OST) is limited and once again GFATM financed.
Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • There are shortages of ARV drugs, and it is reported by some respondents that this results in changes of treatment regimens based on supply shortages rather than clinical decisions. Treatment is available to displaced Ukrainians but not to other foreigners.
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information

HIV treatment is available for displaced Ukrainians from the conflict situation in Ukraine but not other foreigners.

Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only for displaced Ukrainians, no others.

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only Ukrainians

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further commentsHIV treatment is available for Ukrainians, who come to Belarus due to the conflict situation in Ukraine. Other than this one needs to be a national of Belarus.
About this data
Last minor revision10 November 2016
Last major revision17 November 2016
Published8 October 2016
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information was taken from the following sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from Belarus Community of PLHIV (www.hiv.by), The Association of Belarusian Guides (www.belguides.com), RMOO 'Meeting' (www.vstrecha.by) and individual respondent activists. 


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