Croatia

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further commentsIt is unclear about nurses providing HIV tests. They need to have supervision.
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further commentsFree testing is available in 10 locations/8 towns in the country. Private clinics charge people. 
Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further comments

Free testing is available in 10 locations/8 towns in the country.

HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherEven though self-testing is not officially available, people can order test online and use it at home. It is not completely legal, but very few people do it.
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsSome centres also provide HCV testing, others don't.Testing is anonymous, but people fill out questionnaires and can be seen by other people who are in the waiting rooms.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further comments
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

The information to support this can be found at https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

The information to support this can be found at https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further commentsThe information to support this was taken from http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw which states
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments

The information to support this was taken from  http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further commentsIt is free for those who have health insurance - in theory all can access health insurance it, but there are some legal and administrative barriers. Social workers work with PLHIV to make it possible for people to access health insurance. It seems that the major group that is excluded are "illegal" migrants.
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Published12 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the sources below:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from Lux Vitae (www.luxvitae.hr), Iskorak (www.iskorak.hr) and HZJZ www.zjz.hr


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