Cyprus





National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?No
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments

Our respondents writes that 'though the legality of who can perform the HIV test is possibly unclear, the Ministry of Health in Cyprus supports the testing outreach work and activities of an NGO which is carried out by those who are not health professionals'. 

Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments

HIV Testing is provided in three specific disease-control governmental centres, anonymously and free.

Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further comments

HIV Testing is offered in Nicosia (capital), Limassol and Larnaca (Governmental HIV/AIDS central clinic), but not in Paphos, or in any province-areas (outside the cities).

HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?No
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

In specific disease-control governmental centres ID is not required. You are asked to provide with a name and a year of birth which could not be the real ones, you are given a code with which you can receive your results. In outreach actvites the ASM has been delivering, no identfication is asked. Anyone could come and take the test. We do take statistical  information using an anonymous code system.

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?No
Further comments

Our respondents write there are no specific laws that protect PLHIV. General Laws (Human rights, patient rights and data protection) apply.

Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

There is only one needle exchange program (low threshold program) in the capital city with low accessibility.

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Recently OST has also been made available in prisons.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

For further information
http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/449/Cyprus

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments

One of our in-country respondents the  Cyprus Family Planning Association (CFPA) asked that we referred to sex work as prostitution. They explained that though they did not have an official position they thought that the use of the term sex work beautified and normalized such activity as a legitimate employment sector. Though we are not able to do so we have recorded their concern.

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

For further information
http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/449/Cyprus

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

HIV Treatment is available in Cyprus for all Cypriot and EU citizens only. 

Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

HIV Treatment is available in Cyprus for all Cypriot and EU citzens only. However, there have been specific cases recorded where citzens from countries other than the above were offered free treatment.

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments

Not applicable as Cyprus is an EU member 

About this data
Last minor revision
Last major revision17 November 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sources

As well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information was taken from the following sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminalisation of non-disclusure, exposure and transmission of HIV
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as information at http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)

Data contacts

Responses were received from  AIDS Solidarity Movement (ASM) (www.asmcyprus.org), Cyprus Family Planning Association (CFPA) and Cyprus Antidrug Council  

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