Czech Republic

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Specialist clinic staff (doctor and/nurse) only
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further commentsPrague is much better covered than the rest of the country, both in numbers of places, free and anonymous access
Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherNGO testing is often in cooperation with lab using conventional tests.
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsJust under number, only year of birth, gender and region/country are asked.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsgeneral anti-discrimination law, no specific application to HIV
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed (with exception of prisons) by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed (with exception of prisons) by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further commentsDoctors resist  services for PWID in some cases
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further commentsAll Czech citizens and all employees have health insurance. No access for undocumented migrants.
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • No access for undocumented migrants.

If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describeCzech health insurance is needed for access.
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Czech health insurance is needed for access.

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 October 2016
Last major revision12 October 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals information was taken from the follwing sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Information and responses to questionnaires were provided by Czech AIDS Help Society www.aids-pomoc.cz and the Institute of Sexology (General Faculty Hospital) 

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