Denmark

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments

Free at test clinics, General Practitioners and Hospitals.

HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments

Children under the age of 15 can not do a HIV test without parental supervision.


Some testing services target most at risk populations (i.e. migrants, MSM)

Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Othercruising areas, sex clubs, train stations, asylum centres and events
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

If found a positive result, the person has to be registered to be able to access free treatment

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsEmployers are not allowed to ask if an employee has HIV, and the employee is not obliged to reveal his/her status- even in health care professions. The same goes for patients
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further commentsOne respondent stated that there are ambulances provided with nurses that can assist with people in safer injecting. Availablilty of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Heroin is available on prescription.

Availablilty of OST is also  confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction


Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments

One respondent stated that helpers from drug-treatment centres often escort PWID to doctors appointments. A few PWID are offered a kind of OST programme where a volunteer calls them to remind them to take their ART.

Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments

 For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further commentsPimping and brothels are illegal. For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

Migrants without legal residence do not have free access to treatment. One respondent stated that 2 clinics do provide services to migrants without legal residence but their services aren't specific to HIV.

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • Undocumented migrants

If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Migrants without legal residence do not have free access to treatment. One respondent stated that 2 clinics do provide services to migrants without legal residence but their services aren't specific to HIV.

Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision12 January 2017
Published11 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information was taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from The Danish AIDS foundation (AIDS-Fondet) (www.aidsfondet.dk) and HIV-Denmark (www.hiv-danmark.dk)and SSI (www.ssi.dk).

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