Finland

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
  • The rapid test can be carried out by a community/NGO worker who has received training from the National Institute for Health and Welfare. And a registered nurse is present on the premises who has also has the training).
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherHome HIV tests are not officially available.
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsIn community based settings/NGOs. Also some healthcare centers, services for drug users and clinics are offering the possibility to have an anonymous test.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsTheir is no PLHIV specific legislation. PLHIV are covered under other legislation such as generic patients rights and the Non-Discrimination Act.
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Prisons facilities have no opiate substitution programs.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments

Unless the sex worker is not a victim of pimping or trafficing. For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further commentsIt is prohibited to purchase sexual services or offer sexual services against payment in a public place. (For further information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/360/Finland)
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further commentsTreatment and care is free for PLHIV based on infectious diseases law. Undocumented migrants are excluded.
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • Migrants in some cases, especially undocumented migrants are excluded from HIV treatment


If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describeA residence status is required
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describeIn emergency cases or you need to have asylum or refugee status or residence permit.
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describeIn case of an acute emergency cases, a person in Finland has the right to necessary medical treatment within the public healthcare system. A necessary treatment usually refers to a treatment which prevents a permanent disability or immediate death.
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Published12 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations were taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from National Institute for Health and Welfare and Positiiviset ry (www.positiiviset.fi), HivFinland (www.positiiviset.fi)

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