Ireland

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?No
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
Further commentsThe full set of recommendations on testing are available as part of the document National Sexual Health Strategy available here health.gov.ie/healthy-ireland/national-sexual-health-strategy-2015-2020/
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further commentsPrimarily free from clinics and NGOs. Not free from GPs or hospital consultants in private practice
Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further commentsPrimarily in higher density towns and cities. But anyone can access free testing if they travel to a centre.
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?Yes
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherPostal HIV sampling is available - i.e not legislated against - but it is a private service - i.e available at a cost..
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?No
If yes, please give details
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?Name and phone number provided but detached from test forms so confidentiality not breached.
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsYes. Anti-discrimination legislation protects people living with HIV. it is illegal to discriminate against people with HIV in employment, education, and in the provision of goods and services according to the Equal Status Act 2000-2008 and the Employment Act 2004. These can be accessed at www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2000/act/8/enacted/en/html https://www.workplacerelations.ie/en https://www.tcd.ie/equality/policies-legislation/legislation.php ww.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2004/act/24/enacted/en/html
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further commentsIn major towns and cities and some other places through pharmacies. Not available in prisons.

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further commentsLegislation is currently being discussed to criminalise the purchase of sex. See http://www.thejournal.ie/criminalising-sex-laws-passed-seanad-2372035-Oct2015/
Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments

For further information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/466/Ireland

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for all
Further comments
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?No
Which groups are restricted?
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describeClinicians decide who and when to treat
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describeOnce again it is clinical decisions
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describeIf a clinician decides to treat, there are no barriers to treatment. Decisions should be based on medical criteria.
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision27 October 2016
Last major revision27 October 2016
Published29 October 2016
Data sources

As well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information was taken from the following sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)

Data contacts

Responses were received from The Sexual Health Centre and HIV services network  (www.sexualhealthcentre.com).

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