Israel

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further comments

non-citizens only in 2 state run STI clinics

Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?Yes
Which groups are restricted
  • Migrants
Further comments

One respondent stated that Young people under the age of 18 years might face barriers in HIV testing. Privacy issues is also an issue for ultra-Orthodox, Palestinians, transgender people, drug users and sex workers as it is noted by the respondent that these groups feel unsafe in testing centers.

 
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Otherparties within the MSM community and universities
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

by 2 NGO's with prior permission and two state run STI clinics. For final verifying personal details must be given.

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?No
Further comments

General anti-discrimination laws are applied to people living with HIV

Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

only available in 4 centers. It is not available in prison.

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Not confirmed by  https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments

PWID are excluded from hepatitis C treatment

Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments

Currently, the issue of client criminalisation is under debate

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments

It is illegal to sell sex and to organise commercial sex in any place. (For more information: http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw)



Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

limited access to non-citizens, including asylum seekers not facing deportation.

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsDon't know
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsDon't know
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusDon't know
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedDon't know
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision
Last major revision7 December 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sources

As well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations were taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)


Data contacts

Responses were received from Israel AIDS taskforce (www.aidsisrael.org.il) and Jerusalem Open House for Pride and Tolerance (www.joh.org.il)

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