National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further comments

only for citizens of Kazachstan

Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?Yes
Which groups are restricted
  • Migrants
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Don't know
Community testing at NGOs legal?No
Community/outreach event testing legal?No
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsBlood for HIV test can be sent anonymously
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further comments
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further commentsOutreach workers distribute condoms and syringes. Not available in prisons.

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

10 OST sites available and in prison facilities.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further commentsWe had a problem when doctors refused treatments, but this problem was resolved.
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments

Offences surrounding sex work are criminalized in Kazakhstan, including: drawing people into prostitution, organizing

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

for all citizens of Kazakhstan

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only ethnic Kazakhs

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments

HIV testing and treatment  is free for Oralmen, or "returnee". The term "returnee" is by Kazakh authorities defined as ethnic Kazakhs who have immigrated to Kazakhstan in 1991. 

Oralman usually come from neighbouring countries of china, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Russia and Kyrgyzstan

About this data
Last minor revision8 July 2016
Last major revision6 December 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals information was taken from the follwing sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from committee of PLHIV community in Kazachstan.

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