Kyrgyzstan

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments

People are asked to show their passports to get HIV testing.

Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?

People are asked to show their passports at government health providers.
NGO services and mobile testing points provides anonymous testing.

Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsLaw and government program
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

It has been recorded that some governmental health facilities are closed during official working hours.

Availability of needle exchange has been confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction 

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

There are low threshold provisions but no social or psychological support.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?Yes
Further comments

Doctors are reluctant to start ART  unless enrolled to OST first

Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who inject drugs
  • Migrants
  • Prisoners and incarcerated people
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information

Registered citizens only

Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Registered citizens only

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Registered citizens only

Further commentsAll citizens who have registered in the country
About this data
Last minor revision11 July 2016
Last major revision21 December 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from Central Asian HIV foundation and Country Association of PLHIV Network Kyrgyz Republic (http://www.capla.asia/).

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