Malta

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?No
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments

A private hospital may ask for a fee

Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?No
Community/outreach event testing legal?No
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

If found a positive result, the person has to be registered to be able to access treatment.

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?No
Key documents
Further comments

Though the attached document does not speak specifically to the issue - it does provide a good overview of the situation on HIV issues and LBTQI health in Malta.

Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

For more information: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/data/treatment-overviews/Malta

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

For more information: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/data/treatment-overviews/Malta

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments

For further information: http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

Not undocumented migrants

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • See mobility section further details - not undocumented migrants.

If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Third country nationals have to pay for treatment unless they are refugees or have protected status.

Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision
Last major revision17 November 2016
Published18 November 2016
Data sources

As well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information was taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)

Data contacts

Responses were received from ARC (allied rainbow communities) (www.gaymalta.com), Malta LGBTIQ Rights Movement (www.maltagayrights.org) and other individuals

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