Moldova, Republic of

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Specialist clinic staff (doctor and/nurse) only
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO without clinical supervision
  • Pre and Post Counseling--NGOs accredited medical worker in HIV field
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments

HIV testing for visa requirements has a fee for testing

Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
OtherNGOs. Cruising areas, disco for key affected population (MSM)
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsThe test is anonymous if the person does not need certificate, all the rest through codification
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentshttp://lex.justice.md/document_rus.php?id=462D3331:0985314B
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

At 28 sites except at prisons.

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

6 sites.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction


Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Don't know
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?No
Which groups are restricted?
  • not restricted, but barriers exist from stigma, discrimination, etc
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

a Global FUND project is financing ARV's for migrants but diagnostic and medical services are not covered

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

a Global FUND project is financing ARV's for migrants but diagnostic and medical services are not covered

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedDon't know
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the following sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from  Union for HIV prevention and Harm Reduction, GENDERDOC-M(www.gdm.md) and League PLWHA from Moldova (www.ligaaids.md)

Barring The Way To Health - Update this information