Portugal

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further comments

All NGO's get specific training for HIV testing. The only legal regulation requirement for VCT is to

have certified laboratory supervision
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Othersauna
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

identification is asked after a positive HIV result.

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further comments
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further commentsIn 1982 Decree-Law no 400/82 amended the Portuguese Penal Code and decriminalized sex work, but kept
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

Citizens without a residence permit don't have access to treatment

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • Citizens without a residence permit don't have access to treatment


If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Citizens without a residence permit don't have access to treatment


Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Published26 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations were taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)

Data contacts

Responses were received from  AJPAS, GAT (http://www.gatportugal.org/) and Seres (con) viver com o VIH(www.seres.org.pt)

Barring The Way To Health - Update this information