Romania

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Don't know
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further comments

People who are uninsured will have to pay 15 euro (50RON)

Is free HIV testing available?Yes in certain places
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?Yes
Which groups are restricted
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who inject drugs
  • Sex workers
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details

At community based testing it is anonymously. Hospital laboratories require an ID.

If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Key documents
Further commentsAccording to the law 584/2002 People with HIV or AIDS receive social protection of non-discriminatory treatment regarding the right to education, right to work and social protection and promoting professional work and their health can not constitute a criterion for dismissal. The 2002 text of the law (in Romanian) is attached.
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further commentsClients are not prosecuted, unless they knowingly use the services of a victim of human trafficking. For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/408/Romania
Legal to buy sex?No
Further commentsAccordingly the Penal Code of Romania, entered into force on 1st February 2014, prostitution is no longer considered a criminal offense, but it is, by law, partially decriminalized. Currently, Sex Workers identified are fined and if the fine is not paid, the state required hours of service work community. For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/408/Romania
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

Only with health insurance

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • People belonging to the Roma Community and if a person comes from vulnerable and marginalization groups, without ID paper, not insured, homeless. 

If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only for people who are insured

Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only for people who are insured

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Only for people who are insured

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision13 July 2016
Last major revision21 December 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from  Association Carusel (www.carusel.org)

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