Russian Federation

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Don't know
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Specialist clinic staff (doctor and/nurse) only
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes in certain places
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?Yes
Which groups are restricted
  • Migrants
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Other
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give details
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsThe Commission on Non-discrimination
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?No
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?Yes
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments
Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments

Selling sexual services is an administrative offense (fine) but the organization or operation of prostitution business is punishable with prison time. For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/8/Russia

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further commentsBut due to the intermittent deficit not all receive. Treatment is only available for Russian citizens
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
  • Migrants who are found positive in Russia can be deported. Treatment is only available for citizens.

If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Foreigners with HIV will be deported.

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments

Migrants who are found positive in Russia can be deported. Treatment is only available for Russian citizens

About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from  NGO E.V.A. (www.evanetwork.ru) and ITPCru (www.itpcru.org)

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