Sweden

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
National policy/strategy document
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?No
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
  • NGO with clinical supervision
  • NGO without clinical supervision
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further comments
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?No
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Otherall gay scene related events (cruising areas to sauna)
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood, Saliva
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsAs long as the test isn't positive you will remain anonymous.
One respondent stated that community-based checkpoints in the larger Cities offer rapid HIV testing where one can get tested anonymously regardless of the test result.
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further comments

It is mandatory for people living with HIV to disclose to sex partner before sexual intercourse. It is regarded that the HIV positive partner takes full responsibility for the use of condoms.

The Disability acts protects people living with HIV on discrimination issues. (For more information: http://www.do.se/om-diskriminering/skyddade-diskrimineringsgrunder/funktionsnedsattning-som-diskrimi...)

Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction


But only in 6 cities in Sweden so far.

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments

Buying sex is criminalized but selling sex is not. Pimping, procuring, living off immoral earnings and brothel keeping are also illegal.  For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/342/Sweden

Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further comments

Buying sex is criminalized but selling sex is not. Pimping, procuring, living off immoral earnings and brothel keeping are also illegal. For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/342/Sweden

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for all
Further commentsThe Swedish Communicable Diseases Act makes it mandatory with free HIV medication and testing. (For more information: http://www.notisum.se/RNP/sls/lag/20040168.htm)
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?No
Which groups are restricted?
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describeIf you come from another EU or EEA country, or Switzerland, you need a European Health Insurance Card.
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedYes but there are exceptions
If yes but exceptions, please describeChildren under 18 are to receive health and dental care on the same terms as all othners who are living in the country. As an adult (age 18 and over), you are entitled to health and dental care that cannot wait. Maternity and abortion care, as well as contraceptive counselling, are included. http://www.1177.se/Other-languages/Engelska/Regler-och-rattigheter/Vard-i-Sverige-om-man-ar-asylsoka.... However, many clinicians do treat people.
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision7 October 2016
Last major revision7 October 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations were taken from the following sources: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from RFSL (www.rfsl.se) and RFSU (www.rfsu.se)

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