Ukraine

National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?Yes
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
  • Specialist clinic staff (doctor and/nurse) only
  • Any doctor/nurse (not necessarily in a specialist clinic)
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further commentsFree testing is carried out in NGOs working with key populations.
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?Yes
Which groups are restricted
  • Prisoners and incarcerated people
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?No
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Othergay saunas, gay clubs, mobile, portable test points
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?Finger blood
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsHIV testing takes place anonymously under a special code
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsArticles 130-132 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further commentsOST in Ukraine: methanol, buprenophine.

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction


Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?No
Further comments

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

Legal to buy sex?No
Further comments

The Criminal code makes it illegal to create or maintain a brothel, to live off the prostitution of another and to pander (Art. 302) Coercion into prostitution is also illegal (Art. 303) 

The Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses makes selling sex an offense that can be punished by a warning or a fine.

For further information see http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw  

Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for some
Further comments

Only for citizens of Ukraine.

Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?Yes
Which groups are restricted?
  • Migrants
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Status
Country statusNon-EU / Non EFTA
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsN/A
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe

Citizens only

Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedNo
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further commentsOnly citizens of Ukraine have access to HIV treatment
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision23 November 2016
Published19 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals and organisations information and data was taken from the following sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
MSM
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from Alliance for Public Health (www.aidsalliance.org.ua), CMS UBE PLHIV (http://plwh.kiev.ua/), LEO UBE 'Overcoming' (www.vyazni.org) and NGO '' Gay-alliance '' (http://ga.net.ua)

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