United Kingdom

This data is not complete. Please contact us using the form below to update the details for this country.
National policy
National policy/strategy or official recommendations on HIV testing?Yes
Who can administer HIV tests?
Restrictions on who can legally administer HIV tests?No
Which groups can legally do HIV testing?
Further comments
Free HIV testing
HIV testing free to all who want it?Yes for all
Further commentsHarder in prison but technically available
Is free HIV testing available?Across whole country
Further comments
HIV testing restrictions
HIV testing access restricted for some groups/populations?No
Which groups are restricted
Further comments
Availability of testing in non-clinical settings
Is testing available in any of the following ways?
Postal HIV sampling legal?Yes
Home HIV testing legal?Yes
Community testing at NGOs legal?Yes
Community/outreach event testing legal?Yes
Rapid tests used by community based testing services/initiatives?
Anonymity/Confidentiality of HIV testing
Anonymous testing available?Yes
If yes, please give detailsNo need to give details when attending an STI clinic. The National Health Service (Venereal Diseases) Regulations 1974
If not, why not, what sort of information is required and is there any promise of confidentiality?
Discrimination & equality
Legislation protecting the rights of people with HIV?Yes
Further commentsEquality Act 2010, HIV is classed as a disability from diagnosis, disability is a protected characteristic in the act. See http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15/contents
Other key populations
Needle exchange available for people who inject drugs?Yes
Further comments

Availability of needle exchange is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Opiate substitution therapy available?Yes
Further comments

Availability of OST is also confirmed by information available on https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction

Are PWID (people who inject drugs) excluded from HIV treatment while actively using drugs?No
Further comments
Legal to sell sex?Yes
Further commentsSome recent proposals to make this illegal, may well not happen.

For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/386/United%20Kingdom
Legal to buy sex?Yes
Further commentsSome aspects are decriminalized. Illegal to solicit or offer/advertise--meaning street workers can be arrested for standing around. Brothels are illegal.

For more information: http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work/386/United%20Kingdom
Access to HIV Treatment
Free access to HIV treatment?Yes, for all
Further commentsDebate about taking it away from undocumented migrants in England but nothing happened yet.
Status and access to HIV treatment and care in your country
Access to HIV treatment restricted for certain populations with HIV?No
Which groups are restricted?
  • Difficult in prison but this is the same for all medical conditions needing regular treatment
If more than one of the above populations selected, please give more information
Country statusEU
Mobility in Europe
Do the following groups/populations have legal access to HIV treatment? (i.e provided on the same basis as citizens of the country)
Legal treatment access: Other EU migrant nationalsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: general non-EU migrantsYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants with asylum/refugee statusYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describeIn practice, they may not access the services due to a 'hostile environment' or confusion from the health staff themselves.
Legal treatment access: Non-EU migrants who are undocumentedYes there is universal access
If yes but exceptions, please describe
Further comments
About this data
Last minor revision12 July 2016
Last major revision5 January 2017
Data sourcesAs well as responses from in-country individuals information was taken from the follwing sources:http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/aids/Pages/monitoring-dublin-declaration.aspx
Sex Work Laws
These included  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_by_country#Europe
The Global Network of Sex Work Projects www.nswp.org and country sources and http://sexualrightsdatabase.org/map/21/Adult%20sex%20work and http://spl.ids.ac.uk/sexworklaw
Drug use
Needle exchange information was taken from Harm Reduction International who have an interactive tool https://www.hri.global/global-state-of-harm-reduction
Criminal Law
http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net has useful info about the criminal law and is searchable by country as well as http://www.hivjustice.net/site/countries/
http://ilga.org/what-we-do/state-sponsored-homophobia-report/ (2016)
Data contacts

Responses were received from LASS (www.lass.org.uk), NLTSG Staffordshire Buddies and Public Health England.

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